鸿蒙系统 第4节 Hi3861 WiFi操作,热点连接

Hi3861 WiFi操作,热点连接

之前我们使用Hi3861的时候,是使用AT指令连接到WiFi热点的。例如:

 

但是很多时候,我们需要实现开机后自动连接到某个热点,光靠AT指令不行。

Hi3861 为我们提供了WiFi操作的相关API,方便我们编写代码,实现热点连接。

 

1.代码实现

先直接上代码和操作演示。

跟我们最早的hello world代码一样,在app下新增业务wifi_demo,其中hello_world.c为业务代码,BUILD.gn为编译脚本,具体规划目录结构如下:

.

└── applications

    └── sample

        └── wifi-iot

            └── app

                │── wifi_demo

                │  │── wifi_demo.c

                │  └── BUILD.gn

                └── BUILD.gn

 

Wifi_demo.c 代码如下:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <unistd.h>

#include "ohos_init.h"
#include "cmsis_os2.h"

#include <unistd.h>
#include "hi_wifi_api.h"
//#include "wifi_sta.h"
#include "lwip/ip_addr.h"
#include "lwip/netifapi.h"

#define APP_INIT_VAP_NUM    2
#define APP_INIT_USR_NUM    2

static struct netif *g_lwip_netif = NULL;

/* clear netif's ip, gateway and netmask */
void hi_sta_reset_addr(struct netif *pst_lwip_netif)
{
    ip4_addr_t st_gw;
    ip4_addr_t st_ipaddr;
    ip4_addr_t st_netmask;
    printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
    if (pst_lwip_netif == NULL) {
        printf("hisi_reset_addr::Null param of netdev\r\n");
        return;
    }

    IP4_ADDR(&st_gw, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    IP4_ADDR(&st_ipaddr, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    IP4_ADDR(&st_netmask, 0, 0, 0, 0);

    netifapi_netif_set_addr(pst_lwip_netif, &st_ipaddr, &st_netmask, &st_gw);
}

void wifi_wpa_event_cb(const hi_wifi_event *hisi_event)
{
    if (hisi_event == NULL)
        return;

    switch (hisi_event->event) {
        case HI_WIFI_EVT_SCAN_DONE:
            printf("WiFi: Scan results available\n");
            break;
        case HI_WIFI_EVT_CONNECTED:
            printf("WiFi: Connected\n");
            netifapi_dhcp_start(g_lwip_netif);
            break;
        case HI_WIFI_EVT_DISCONNECTED:
            printf("WiFi: Disconnected\n");
            netifapi_dhcp_stop(g_lwip_netif);
            hi_sta_reset_addr(g_lwip_netif);
            break;
        case HI_WIFI_EVT_WPS_TIMEOUT:
            printf("WiFi: wps is timeout\n");
            break;
        default:
            break;
    }
}

int hi_wifi_start_connect(void)
{
    int ret;
    errno_t rc;
    hi_wifi_assoc_request assoc_req = {0};

    /* copy SSID to assoc_req */
    //热点名称
    rc = memcpy_s(assoc_req.ssid, HI_WIFI_MAX_SSID_LEN + 1, "15919500", 8); /* 9:ssid length */
    if (rc != EOK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }

    /*
     * OPEN mode
     * for WPA2-PSK mode:
     * set assoc_req.auth as HI_WIFI_SECURITY_WPA2PSK,
     * then memcpy(assoc_req.key, "12345678", 8).
     */
    //热点加密方式
    assoc_req.auth = HI_WIFI_SECURITY_WPA2PSK;

    /* 热点密码 */
    memcpy(assoc_req.key, "11206582488", 11);


    ret = hi_wifi_sta_connect(&assoc_req);
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }
    printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
    return 0;
}

int hi_wifi_start_sta(void)
{
    int ret;
    char ifname[WIFI_IFNAME_MAX_SIZE + 1] = {0};
    int len = sizeof(ifname);
    const unsigned char wifi_vap_res_num = APP_INIT_VAP_NUM;
    const unsigned char wifi_user_res_num = APP_INIT_USR_NUM;
    unsigned int  num = WIFI_SCAN_AP_LIMIT;

    printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);

    ret = hi_wifi_init(wifi_vap_res_num, wifi_user_res_num);
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        //return -1;
    }

    printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
    ret = hi_wifi_sta_start(ifname, &len);
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }

    /* register call back function to receive wifi event, etc scan results event,
     * connected event, disconnected event.
     */
    ret = hi_wifi_register_event_callback(wifi_wpa_event_cb);
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("register wifi event callback failed\n");
    }

    /* acquire netif for IP operation */
    g_lwip_netif = netifapi_netif_find(ifname);
    if (g_lwip_netif == NULL) {
        printf("%s: get netif failed\n", __FUNCTION__);
        return -1;
    }

    /* start scan, scan results event will be received soon */
    ret = hi_wifi_sta_scan();
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }

    sleep(5);   /* sleep 5s, waiting for scan result. */

    hi_wifi_ap_info *pst_results = malloc(sizeof(hi_wifi_ap_info) * WIFI_SCAN_AP_LIMIT);
    if (pst_results == NULL) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }

    ret = hi_wifi_sta_scan_results(pst_results, &num);
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        free(pst_results);
        return -1;
    }

    for (unsigned int loop = 0; (loop < num) && (loop < WIFI_SCAN_AP_LIMIT); loop++) {
        printf("SSID: %s\n", pst_results[loop].ssid);
    }
    free(pst_results);

    /* if received scan results, select one SSID to connect */
    ret = hi_wifi_start_connect();
    if (ret != 0) {
        printf("%s %d \r\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
        return -1;
    }


    return 0;
}

void hi_wifi_stop_sta(void)
{
    int ret;

    ret = hi_wifi_sta_stop();
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("failed to stop sta\n");
    }

    ret = hi_wifi_deinit();
    if (ret != HISI_OK) {
        printf("failed to deinit wifi\n");
    }

    g_lwip_netif = NULL;

    
}


void WiFiExampleEntry(void)
{
    hi_wifi_start_sta();
}

SYS_RUN(WiFiExampleEntry);

Wifi_demo目录下的BUILD.gn文件内容如下:

static_library("wifi_demo") {
    sources = [
        "wifi_demo.c"
    ]

    include_dirs = [
        "//utils/native/lite/include",
        "//kernel/liteos_m/components/cmsis/2.0",
        "//base/iot_hardware/interfaces/kits/wifiiot_lite",
        "//vendor/hisi/hi3861/hi3861/third_party/lwip_sack/include",
        "//foundation/communication/interfaces/kits/wifi_lite/wifiservice",
        
    ]
}

 

app目录下的BUILD.gn文件内容修改如下:

import("//build/lite/config/component/lite_component.gni")

lite_component("app") {
    features = [
        "wifi_demo:wifi_demo",
    ]
}

 

 

编译烧录,查看串口数据:

 

可以看到有打印扫描到的热点名称:

SSID: 15919500

SSID: Netcore_FD55A7

同时最后打印:WiFi: Connected 成功连接上热点。

 

2.wifi api接口说明

Hi3861 提供了非常多的wifi相关API,主要文件是 hi_wifi_api.h

我们这里只列举最重要的几个API

 

(1)开启STA

int hi_wifi_sta_start(char *ifname, int *len);

 

(2)停止STA

int hi_wifi_sta_stop(void);

 

  1. 扫描附件的热点

int hi_wifi_sta_scan(void);

 

(4)连接热点

int hi_wifi_sta_connect(hi_wifi_assoc_request *req);

其中hi_wifi_assoc_request *req 结构的定义如下:

 

 

这里需要注意的是,通常加密方式是:HI_WIFI_SECURITY_WPA2PSK

例如我家的热点的连接方式的代码实现如下:

 

 

 

 

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